Get Started with ArcGIS Pro

Create a project

In ArcGIS Pro, maps and data are usually organized in a project. Before you begin your map, you'll create a project.

  1. Start ArcGIS Pro. If prompted, sign in using your licensed ArcGIS account.
    Note:

    If you don't have ArcGIS Pro or an ArcGIS account, you can sign up for an ArcGIS free trial.

    For new projects, there are several templates. To create a map, you'll choose the Map template.

  2. Under New, click Map.

    Map project template

    The Create a New Project window appears. By default, projects are saved in a new folder, although you can save them in an existing folder by unchecking Create a new folder for this project.

  3. For Name, delete the existing text and type Singapore Tourism. Leave Location unchanged and confirm that Create a new folder for this project is checked.

    Create a New Project window with correct parameters

    Note:

    Your default location may differ from the example image. Typically, projects are saved in the ArcGIS folder that was created when you installed ArcGIS Pro.

  4. Click OK.

    The project is created with a map showing the world. In ArcGIS Pro, maps are made up of layers of geographic data. For now, the only layer is the basemap, which provides reference information such as national boundaries and water bodies.

    Note:

    Depending on your ArcGIS organization's settings, your map may have a different default extent and basemap, so it may look different than the example image.

    New project with a map of the world

    On either side of the map are panes. By default, the Contents and Catalog panes are open, although other panes may be open if you've used ArcGIS Pro before. The Contents pane lists the layers on the map and the Catalog pane lists all files associated with the project.

    Above the map is the ribbon. The ribbon contains several tabs, each with multiple buttons. These buttons may affect map navigation, change the map's appearance, or open windows or panes with more functionality.

    Tip:

    You can rearrange panes by dragging their title and docking them in new locations. You can also resize panes by dragging their edges. To return to the default pane arrangement, click the View tab. In the Windows group, click Reset Panes and choose Reset Panes for Mapping. Throughout this lesson, feel free to arrange the panes and views.

Navigate to Singapore

Your area of interest is the island city-state of Singapore, so you'll navigate to it.

  1. On the ribbon, click the Map tab. In the Inquiry group, click the Locate button.

    Locate button on Map tab

    The Locate pane appears. Using this pane, you can search for and navigate to geographic locations, including countries, cities, and street addresses.

  2. In the Locate pane, in the search bar, type Singapore and press Enter.

    Singapore search in the Locate pane

    The map automatically navigates to the first result: the country of Singapore. (The locations of the search results are displayed on the map as green circles.)

    Default map of Singapore

    Singapore, one of the world's smallest nations, is home to 5.6 million people and has four official languages. The modern city contains numerous historical and cultural landmarks, entertainment venues, and ecological sites. It is one of the most visited cities in the world and tourism is a major industry.

  3. Close the Locate pane.
  4. Above the ribbon, on the Quick Access Toolbar, click the Save button.

    Save button

Add data

The basemap shows Singapore and some basic geographic information, such as roads and lakes. However, it doesn't show tourist destinations or rail stations. To create a map that is useful to tourists, you'll add this data to the map.

  1. On the ribbon, on the Map tab, in the Layer group, click the Add Data button.

    Add Data button

    The Add Data window appears. You can add data from several sources, including your project's folder (Project), the website of your ArcGIS account (Portal), or your computer (Computer).

    Most ArcGIS accounts, including trial accounts, use the ArcGIS Online website as their portal. ArcGIS Online is an online GIS mapping platform that hosts a large amount of spatial data. You'll add the data you need from there.

  2. In the Add Data window, under Portal, click All Portal.

    All Portal option in Add Data window

    This option provides access to all data hosted on your portal. The data you'll use is owned by the Learn ArcGIS administrator account. To find the data, you'll search for it by name and owner.

  3. In the search bar, type Singapore owner:Learn_ArcGIS and press Enter.

    The search returns three results: Singapore Rail Lines, Singapore Rail Stations, and Singapore Tourist Attractions.

    Search results for Singapore

    Note:

    Some ArcGIS accounts use an ArcGIS Enterprise website as their portal. If your account uses ArcGIS Enterprise, you won't be able to search for ArcGIS Online content. To add the data, go to the Singapore_Data_gdb item on ArcGIS Online and click Download. Extract the downloaded folder to a location of your choice on your computer. In the Add Data window, browse to the location of the extracted folder. (You may need to click the Refresh button in the Add Data window to see the folder.)

  4. While pressing the Ctrl key, click the Singapore Rail Lines, Singapore Rail Stations, and Singapore Tourist Attractions layers to select them.
  5. Click OK.

    The three data layers are added to the map.

    Note:

    If you're using ArcGIS Enterprise and downloaded the data instead of adding it from ArcGIS Online, your layers may look different than in the example images.

    Singapore with data added to the map

    The layers are also listed in the Contents pane.

    Contents pane

    The green points are tourist attractions, the white lines are rail lines, and the black polygons are rail stations. Layers comprised of points, lines, or polygons are called feature layers.

    The majority of tourist attractions are grouped in the south-central part of the island. This area is Singapore's downtown, also called the Central Business District. The tourism agency wants their brochure to focus on this area, so you'll zoom to it.

  6. On the map, point to downtown Singapore and scroll forward using your mouse's scroll wheel to zoom in. Zoom until the downtown area takes up most of the map.
    Tip:

    Another way to zoom to an area is to press the Shift key and draw a box on the map where you want to zoom. Alternatively, right-click the map and move the mouse to zoom in or out. Use the navigation method you prefer.

    Zoom to downtown Singapore

  7. If necessary, drag the map to pan it until the Central Business District is in the center of the map.

    At this extent, the rail stations are displayed in more detail. Depending on the size of your monitor, more information about streets and buildings may be displayed.

    This map extent will be the one you use for the rest of the project. It'll be convenient to quickly return to this extent if needed, so you'll create a navigation shortcut called a bookmark.

  8. On the ribbon, on the Map tab, in the Navigate group, click Bookmarks and choose New Bookmark.

    New Bookmark option

  9. In the Create Bookmark window, for Name, type Central Business District.

    Create Bookmark window

  10. Click OK.

    The bookmark is created. You'll use this bookmark later in the lesson.

  11. Save the project.

Style the map

While navigating the map, you may have noticed that some of the data layers are difficult to see. The rail lines, for instance, are white and often blend into the other information on the map.

The information about streets, water bodies, and buildings comes from the basemap. A basemap provides reference information that contextualizes your data. ArcGIS Pro has several premade basemap layers, with the default being World Topographic Map. (Depending on your ArcGIS organization's settings, you may have a different default basemap.)

You'll change the basemap to one that emphasizes your data. A darker basemap will make the white rail lines appear more clearly.

  1. On the Map tab, in the Layer group, click Basemap and choose Dark Gray Canvas.

    Dark Gray Canvas basemap

    The basemap changes.

    Downtown Singapore with Dark Gray Canvas basemap

    With this basemap, the rail lines stand out more. Unlike the Topographic basemap, this basemap contains two layers. One of these layers, World Dark Gray Reference, contains text that labels some areas. This text isn't necessary for your map's purpose and may obscure some features, so you'll turn it off.

  2. In the Contents pane, uncheck World Dark Gray Reference.

    World Dark Gray Reference layer unchecked

    The layer no longer appears on your map. (If you want to make the reference information reappear, click the checkbox again.)

    The tourist attractions are displayed on the map as small points that don't stand out much. Because the attractions are meant to be a focal point of the map, you'll change the way they look.

  3. In the Contents pane, click the Tourist Attractions layer symbol.

    Tourist Attractions layer symbol

    The Symbology pane appears. Symbology defines a layer's appearance. You can choose from a gallery of default symbols or customize a symbol.

  4. In the Symbology - Tourist Attractions pane, on the Gallery tab, search for Tear Pin. In the list of results, click the largest Tear Pin 1 (40%) symbol.

    Tear Pin 1 symbol

    The symbols for tourist attractions change to the chosen symbol. The tear pin symbol helps convey the idea that the tourist attractions are places of interest. The 40% indicates that the symbol is 40 percent transparent, which is useful in case the symbols obscure parts of the map.

    You can make the symbols stand out even more by adding an outline and increasing the symbol size.

  5. Click Properties.

    Properties option

  6. Click the Layers tab.

    Layers tab

  7. For Outline color, choose Arctic White.

    Arctic White outline color

    Tip:

    To see a color's name in the color picker, point to it.

  8. Change Outline width to 0.7 pt. Change Size to 22 pt.

    Symbol parameters

  9. At the bottom of the Symbology pane, click Apply.

    The new symbology is applied to the layer.

    Tourist attraction symbol changes on the map

    Now the tourist attractions stand out more clearly, without obscuring other map features.

    Note:

    If your ArcGIS account uses an ArcGIS Enterprise portal and you downloaded the layer data, the rail lines and rail stations may have different symbols than those shown in the example images. To change the rail lines symbol to match the example images, click its symbol to open the Symbology pane. On the Properties tab, on the Layers tab, change Color to Arctic White and click Apply. To change the rail stations symbol, open its Symbology pane. On the Properties tab, on the Symbol tab, change Color to Gray 80%, Outline color to Black, and Outline width to 1.2 pt. Click Apply.

  10. Close the Symbology pane and save the project.

Determine proximity

The tourism agency wants its brochure to tell users the closest rail station to each tourist attraction. Measuring the distance between each tourist attraction and rail station one-by-one would take a lot of time, so you'll automate the process by running a geoprocessing tool.

A geoprocessing tool performs an operation on a dataset. In ArcGIS Pro, there are hundreds of geoprocessing tools, encompassing a wide variety of operations. You'll use the Spatial Join tool, which combines information from two feature classes based on their spatial relationship. You'll use this tool to determine the closest rail station to each tourist attraction.

  1. On the ribbon, click the Analysis tab. In the Geoprocessing group, click Tools.

    Tools button

    The Geoprocessing pane appears.

  2. In the Geoprocessing pane, in the search bar, type Spatial Join. In the list of results, click the Spatial Join tool.

    Spatial Join tool in search results

    Tip:

    Another way to open the Spatial Join tool is from the Analysis Gallery. On the Analysis tab, in the Tools group, expand the Analysis Gallery. In the Overlay Data group, click Spatial Join.

    The Spatial Join tool opens. Most geoprocessing tools have parameters you can set to change the tool's result. For this tool, you'll first choose the feature layers to join.

  3. For Target Features, choose Tourist Attractions. For Join Features, choose Rail Stations.

    Target Features and Join Features parameters for the Spatial Join tool

    Tip:

    To learn more about any parameter, point to the parameter. Then, point to the information button that appears. A ToolTip appears with a description of the parameter.

    Next, you'll set the Output Feature Class parameter. Many geoprocessing tools create an output layer, leaving the original layers unchanged.

    By default, output layers are saved in a folder specialized for geographic data, called a geodatabase, that was created when you created the project. You'll leave the output location unchanged, but change the output name.

  4. For Output Feature Class, click the text box. Replace the text TouristAttractions_SpatialJo with Tourist_Attractions_Join, leaving the rest of the path unchanged.

    Output Feature Class parameter for the Spatial Join tool

    You'll leave the join operation, Join one to one, unchanged. This operation ensures that each tourist attraction is joined to only one rail station, which is ideal for your purposes because you only want to know the single closest station.

    The next parameter is the Field Map of Join Features. This parameter determines which attributes from each input feature class are kept in the output feature class. You'll learn more about attributes later. For now, you'll only remove the Shape__Area and Shape__Length fields, because you're not interested in the size and shape of the features on the map.

  5. For Field Map of Join Features, click Shape__Area and click Remove.

    Remove button for the Shape__Area field

  6. Remove the Shape__Length field.

    Next, you'll set the Match Option parameter. This parameter determines the spatial relationship between the features to be joined.

  7. For Match Option, choose Closest.
    Note:

    You may need to scroll to view the Match Option parameter and the Closest option.

    Match Option parameter for the Spatial Join tool

    You've set all of the parameters you need. Based on the parameters you've chosen, the tool will run an operation that combines information from each tourist attraction with information from its closest rail station.

  8. Click Run.

    The tool runs. When it finishes, a new layer, Tourist_Attractions_Join, is added to the map and the Contents pane. The new layer looks similar to the original Tourist Attractions layer. However, the geoprocessing tool changed the layer's attributes.

    Attributes are information associated with each feature in a feature layer. They may include the feature's name, address, area, or many other types of information. You can view a layer's attributes by opening its attribute table.

  9. In the Contents pane, right-click Tourist_Attractions_Join and choose Attribute Table.

    Attribute Table option

    The attribute table opens.

    Opened attribute table

    Each row of the table represents a single feature on the map and each column is a field of information. In this table, the first row corresponds to a feature named Chinatown Heritage Centre on 48 Pagoda Street. The Object ID field contains a unique ID number for each feature.

    Tip:

    Like panes, you can resize and reposition attribute tables.

  10. If necessary, scroll to the right until you see the last few fields.

    Last five fields in the attribute table

    The table has two fields titled Name. While the first Name field is the name of the tourist attraction, the second Name field is the name of the closest rail station. The second Name field was added to the table after you ran the Spatial Join tool.

    Note:

    The Type field was also added by the Spatial Join tool. It indicates whether the closest station is part of the Massive Rapid Transit (MRT), Light Rail Transit (LRT), or Circle Line (CCL) system. You can determine the fields the tool added by opening the attribute table for the original Tourist Attractions layer and comparing.

  11. Close the table.

    You no longer need the original Tourist Attractions layer, so you'll remove it.

  12. In the Contents pane, right-click the Tourist Attractions layer and choose Remove.

    Remove option for the Tourist Attractions layer

    The layer is removed. You'll also rename the new layer so that its name matches the one you removed.

  13. Click the Tourist_Attractions_Join layer name to select the layer. Click it again to make the layer name editable.
  14. Change the name to Tourist Attractions and press Enter.
    Tip:

    Another way to change the layer name is to double-click it to open its Layer Properties window. On the General tab, change the name. Click OK.

  15. Save the project.

Export a table

If tourists accessed your map in ArcGIS Pro or as an interactive web map in ArcGIS Online, they could open the attribute table like you did to find the closest station to each attraction. However, this map will be printed in brochures, so users won't have that ability.

To accompany the map, the tourism agency plans to print key information from the attribute table in the brochure. You'll export the attribute table to a plain text file so the agency can copy the necessary data into their brochure's design.

  1. In the Contents pane, right-click Tourist Attractions, point to Data, and choose Export Table.

    In the Geoprocessing pane, the Table To Table geoprocessing tool opens. This tool converts a layer's attribute table to a new file format. The Tourist Attractions layer is already chosen for the Input Rows parameter.

    The default output location is the geodatabase that was created with the project, Singapore Tourism.gdb. However, a text file cannot be stored in a geodatabase. You'll change the output location to one appropriate for the data you're exporting.

  2. For Output Location, click the Browse button.

    Browse button

  3. In the Output Location window, choose a location on your computer you can easily remember, such as your Documents folder. Click OK.
    Note:

    If you change the output location to a geodatabase, the tool will not run correctly. Be sure to choose a different location than the default location.

  4. For Output Name, type Tourist_Attractions.txt. (Make sure to include the .txt extension.)

    Output Name parameter in the Table To Table tool

    Tip:

    You can also export the table to a comma-separated values file using the .csv extension or a dBase database file using the .dbf extension.

    As with the Spatial Join tool, the Table To Table tool has the option to remove unneeded fields from the output table. You'll remove the Join_Count and TARGET_FID fields, which don't provide necessary information for your purposes.

  5. For Field Map, click the Join_Count field to select it and click Remove. Remove the TARGET_FID field in the same way.
  6. Click Run.

    The tool runs and the table is exported. (You can confirm it was exported successfully by checking the output location you chose). Additionally, the exported table is added to the Contents pane under the Standalone Tables heading . You don't need the table in the project, so you'll remove it.

  7. In the Contents pane, right-click Tourist_Attractions.txt and choose Remove.
  8. Close the Geoprocessing pane and save the project.

Label features

With the exported table, the tourism agency can add the attribute information to the brochure as textual information. However, tourists using the brochure still won't be able to tell which points on the map correspond to which tourist location.

To make the map more useful, you'll label the tourist attractions. Labels are textual information that appear on a map to help users better understand the data.

  1. In the Contents pane, click the Tourist Attractions layer to select it.

    When you select the Tourist Attractions layer, the Labeling tab becomes available. This tab is a contextual tab, meaning it only appears when it's relevant to the data you're working with.

  2. On the ribbon, click the Labeling tab. In the Layer group, click the Label button.

    Label button

    Labels are enabled for the layer. By default, each tourist attraction is labeled with its name. But because there are so many attractions, the labels clutter the map and aren't easy to read.

    Default labels

    To keep the map readable, you'll label attractions using their unique ID number instead.

  3. In the Label Class group, for Field, choose Object ID. (You may need to scroll to see the correct option.)

    Field option for labels

    The labels on the map change from long names to smaller numbers. While the numbers don't immediately identify each attraction, the brochure can include the IDs with the table data to help users identify them.

    The labels have small, dark text that doesn't show up well on the dark basemap. Additionally, the position of the labels doesn't always make it clear which number corresponds to which attraction. You'll change the label appearance and position to make them clearer.

  4. In the Text Symbol group, change Text Symbol Font Size to 8 and Text Symbol Color to Arctic White.

    Text size and color parameters

  5. In the Label Placement group, click Centered Point.

    Centered Point label placement

    The labels are updated on the map.

    Improved labels on the map

    These labels are improved, but there are still a few small problems. First, for some tourist attractions, no labels appear. By default, labels are not displayed if they are too close together, to prevent overlapping. Additionally, the labels will look better if they were located more centrally in the pin symbol. You'll make changes to solve both of these problems.

  6. In the Label Placement group, click the Label Placement Properties button.

    Label Placement Properties button

    The Label Class - Tourist Attractions pane appears. This pane has advanced labeling options.

  7. In the Label Class - Tourist Attractions pane, click the Conflict resolution tab.

    Conflict resolution tab

  8. Expand the Unplaced labels section and check Never remove (place overlapping).

    Never remove option

    Now, no labels are removed from the map due to overlapping. Next, you'll adjust the label position so that it is located more centrally within each pin symbol.

  9. Click Symbol. On the General tab, expand the Position section and change Offset Y to 2 pt.

    Offset Y parameter changed to 2 pt

  10. Click Apply.

    The labels move up slightly, positioning them in the center of the pin symbols.

    Final labels on map

    While some of the labels slightly overlap other pin symbols, they're all generally clear to read. In conjunction with table data published in the brochure, tourists will be able to identify every attraction on the map.

  11. Close the Label Class pane and save the project.
    Note:

    It may also be useful to users if the rail stations were labeled. For the purposes of this lesson, you won't label them, but if you want an extra challenge, try creating your own labels. What kind of appearance do your labels need to be legible on the map?

    Before you continue, you'll rename your map to something more descriptive. By default, its name is Map.

  12. In the Contents pane, double-click Map.

    Map in Contents pane

    The Map Properties pane appears.

  13. On the General tab, for Name, type Central Business District.

    Name parameter

  14. Click OK.

    The map is renamed.

Create a layout

Your map is finished. All that remains is to export it to a form that can be printed in the brochure. To prepare your map for printing, you'll create a page layout. A layout is a collection of map elements organized on a virtual page. It defines how your map will look when it's printed.

You can design a layout from scratch, but ArcGIS Pro also includes several premade layout templates. You'll use a template and modify a few layout elements.

  1. On the ribbon, click the Insert tab and click the Import Layout button.

    Import Layout button

    A list of available templates appears. A simple layout is best, as you want the emphasis to be on the map.

  2. Choose the Title Bar Letter Landscape layout.

    Title Bar Letter Landscape layout

    Note:

    If you do not see a list of available templates, you can download and import the layout template used in this lesson.

    The layout opens as a new view. (You can switch between the map view and the layout view using the tabs above the view.)

    Default layout

    This layout includes a title, a legend, and a scale bar. All of the layout's elements are listed in the Contents pane. Additionally, the ribbon now displays tabs relevant to interacting with the layout.

    By default, the template you chose contains a map of Columbus, Ohio. You'll update the layout's map frame to use your map of Singapore.

  3. In the Contents pane, double-click Map Frame.

    Map Frame in Contents pane

    The Format Map Frame pane appears.

  4. For Map Frame, choose Central Business District.

    Map chosen for Map Frame parameter

    The map in the layout changes. However, the map is zoomed to a worldwide extent, and Singapore is not visible. The map extent and the layout extent are independent.

    You'll use the bookmark you created earlier to navigate to your desired map extent.

  5. On the ribbon, click the Layout tab. In the Map group, click Bookmarks and choose the Central Business District bookmark.

    Central Business District bookmark

    The map extent updates to your area of interest.

    Layout with bookmark extent

    Tip:

    To pan or zoom the map to a different extent in the layout, in the Map group, click Activate. Once activated, you can navigate the map normally. When you've changed the extent, click the Layout tab and click Close Activation.

    Next, you'll title the layout.

  6. In the Contents pane, double-click Map Title.

    The Format Text pane appears.

  7. For Text, delete the existing text and type Downtown Singapore. Click anywhere outside the text box.

    Text for the map title

    The changes are applied to the layout.

    New title in layout

    You'll also adjust the legend, which explains what all of the symbols on the map mean. The default legend has a white background, which means the white rail lines symbol doesn't show up well. You'll remove the background and adjust the legend's position.

  8. In the Contents pane, double-click Legend.

    The Format Legend pane appears. First, you'll change the legend text to white, so that it'll appear on the dark basemap when you remove the legend background.

  9. Click Text Symbol. On the Properties tab, expand Appearance and change Color to Arctic White.

    Color changed to Arctic White

  10. Click Apply.

    Next, you'll change the legend background.

  11. At the top of the pane, next to Legend, click the drop-down arrow and choose Background.

    Background option

  12. For Color, choose No color.

    No color option

  13. Click Apply.

    The legend's background is removed.

  14. In the layout view, drag the legend so that it appears in the lower right corner of the map. When you're finished, click anywhere in the layout view outside of the map to deselect the legend.

    Final layout

    Your layout is complete. The tourism agency will print this map image on the inside of the brochure. The back of the brochure will contain a list of the tourist attractions based on the table you exported. Ultimately, the brochure will help tourists find the closest rail station to each tourist attraction.

  15. Close the Format Legend pane. Save the project.

    Next, you'll export the layout to an image file.

  16. On the ribbon, click the Share tab. In the Export group, click Layout.

    Layout button on Share tab

    The Export pane appears.

  17. For File Type, choose an image file format. For Name, browse to your preferred output location and change the file name to Downtown Singapore.
  18. Click Export.

    The layout is exported to the location you chose.

In this lesson, you created a map that showed popular tourist attractions in downtown Singapore. You created a project, navigated to the area of interest, and added data. You changed the way the map looked and analyzed the distance between tourist attractions and rail stations. Then, you created a layout and exported the map to an image file.

This lesson was an introduction to ArcGIS Pro and covered only the basics of topics such as mapmaking and analysis. To learn more about the capabilities of ArcGIS Pro, see the following Learn ArcGIS lessons:

You can find more lessons in the Learn ArcGIS Lesson Gallery.