Import and explore a map
ArcGIS Pro integrates the functionality of ArcMap, ArcCatalog, ArcToolbox, ArcScene, and ArcGlobe within one application, allowing you to switch between 2D and 3D visualization, analysis, and editing.
Import a map document into ArcGIS Pro
One way to get started with ArcGIS Pro is to import an existing ArcMap map document (.mxd).
- Go to the Migrate from ArcMap to ArcGIS Pro group.
- Click the Mali Language Groups Map thumbnail to download the map document.
- Extract the contents of the ZIP file to a location of your choice and open the new MaliLanguageGroups folder.
The downloaded folder includes an ArcMap map document (.mxd), a geodatabase (.gdb), and shapefiles. The data for this map was provided by the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA) and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).
If you want to explore the project in ArcMap before diving into ArcGIS Pro, double-click MaliLanguageGroups.mxd to open it in ArcMap.
- Start ArcGIS Pro.
If prompted, sign in using your licensed ArcGIS account or an ArcGIS Enterprise named user account.
ArcGIS Pro opens to the splash screen. Project templates are listed under the New heading. Each template will create a project, already configured with resources. For example, the Map template creates a blank map, geodatabase, and toolbox. If you want to start working without creating a project first, you can choose to start without a template.
- Under New, click Start without a template.
ArcGIS Pro opens to a blank view. A ribbon at the top contains tabs that sort commands and settings into related groups. For example, the common tools related to editing can be found on the Edit tab.
The Contents pane is similar to the table of contents in ArcMap, and the Catalog pane is similar to the Catalog window. There are other panes in ArcGIS Pro that can be opened and repositioned as needed. The middle area is currently blank; this is where maps, tables, layouts, models, and other views will appear.
- On the ribbon, click the Insert tab. In the Project group, click Import Map.
- In the Import window, browse to and select MaliLanguageGroups.mxd from the downloaded folder.
You can use the Import Map command to bring different kinds of documents into ArcGIS Pro. Expand the Default drop-down menu to view the file types that can be imported.
- Click OK.
The ArcMap document is imported. The Contents pane is now populated with items, and a layout view appears in the middle of the application. The layout shows a map of language groups in Mali, a landlocked country in West Africa.
Explore the project structure
The Catalog pane is used for data management and provides a quick way to access all the resources available to a project.
- In the Catalog pane, expand Layouts.
The layout in an ArcMap document becomes a layout item in ArcGIS Pro. Many projects in ArcGIS Pro may have no layout at all.
- In the Catalog pane, on the Project tab, expand Maps.
The project contains two maps corresponding to the two data frames in the map document. Both can be seen in the layout; one is the map of language groups in Mali, and the other is the locator map of Africa.
- In the Catalog pane, under Maps, right-click New Data Frame and click Rename.
- For name, type Mali Language Groups Map and press Enter.
- Rename New Data Frame1 as Locator Map.
- At the top of ArcGIS Pro, on the Quick Access Toolbar, click Save.
Because you started without a template and have not previously saved this project, you are presented with the Save Project As window.
- In the Save Project As window, browse to a location of your choice.
- For Name, type Mali Language Groups.
- Click Save.
ArcGIS Pro stores work in project folders. This structure allows you to assemble all the resources needed for your work in one place. A project can contain maps, scenes, layouts, data, tasks, toolboxes, and styles, as well as connections to servers and folders.
- In your file explorer, browse to the new Mali Language Groups folder.
Inside, you will find a geodatabase (.gdb) and a toolbox (.tbx). Any new data or scripts that you create while working in the project will be stored here by default. The .aprx file is the ArcGIS Pro project file, and is equivalent to an .mxd file.
- In ArcGIS Pro, in the Catalog pane, expand Folders and expand Mali Language Groups.
This is a folder connection to the project folder that you just viewed in your file explorer. However, the data for your map is stored in the folder you downloaded.
In ArcGIS Pro, you can add data without first creating a folder connection. However, creating folder connections for access to project data is still a useful practice.
- In the Catalog pane, right-click Folders and choose Add Folder Connection.
- Browse to and select the MaliLanguageGroups folder that you previously downloaded. Click OK.
- Expand MaliLanguageGroups.
The geodatabase and shapefile data referenced by the Mali maps are all stored here.
In ArcGIS Pro, links to data sources on the same hard drive as the project folder are saved as relative paths. Links to data sources on a network drive are saved using absolute paths. Links to data sources on a GIS server are stored using universal locator paths.
Explore a map
Next, you'll explore the map of language diversity in Mali.
- In the Catalog pane, under Maps, right-click Mali Language Groups Map and choose Open.
The original ArcMap data frame was saved at a small scale to accommodate the layout, so the map will be very small.
- In the Contents pane, right-click District Boundary, then choose Zoom To Layer.
The scale updates and the map of Mali comes into view. In ArcGIS Pro, you can zoom and pan a map freely without affecting the scale of the layout.
- Use the wheel button on your mouse to zoom in and out on the map.
- Click anywhere on the map.
The clicked feature flashes and a pop-up window appears, displaying attribute information.
- Close the pop-up.
- If necessary, on the ribbon, click the Map tab.
- In the Navigate group, click the bottom half of the Explore button.
The Explore tool is similar to the Identify tool in ArcMap, and is how you access pop-ups. You can change how the Explore tool behaves with this menu.
Work with symbology and labeling
In ArcGIS Pro, symbology is controlled within a pane instead of a dialog box. This means you can see changes on your map without first having to close out of a set of windows.
- In the Contents pane, right-click language_Union and choose Symbology.
The Symbology pane appears. The top of the pane displays the name of the currently selected layer. Under Primary symbology, you can see that this layer is symbolized using the Unique Values method and the Language Family field.
The tabs at the top of the pane give you access to advanced symbology properties, which won't be covered in this lesson.
- In the bottom half of the Symbology pane, click the symbol next to Berber and Atlantic.
The Symbology pane now displays properties for the Berber and Atlantic symbol class only.
- Click the Properties tab and click the Layers tab.
ArcGIS Pro and ArcMap use different methods to construct symbols, but the appearance of imported symbols will remain the same. In ArcGIS Pro, complex symbols are built with symbol layers.
- In the Symbology pane, click the Back arrow to return to the symbology settings for the entire layer.
- In the Contents pane, click District Boundary.
The Symbology pane updates to display settings for the selected layer.
- On the ribbon, click the Labeling tab.
The ribbon interface is contextual. You will see different tabs when you are interacting with a map than with a layout. When you have a layer selected, additional tabs appear under a colored bar. Any changes made on a contextual layer tab—such as labeling—will only apply to the currently selected layer.
- In the Layer group, switch the Label button off and on again.
The white district labels disappear and reappear on the map.
The most common labeling tasks can be found on the ribbon, while more advanced features are available in a pane.
- On the Labeling tab of the ribbon, in the corner of the Label Placement group, click the Label Placement Properties button.
The Label Class pane appears.
- If necessary, in the Label Class pane, click the Position tab and the other Position button.
- Expand Spread labels.
- Change the second drop-down menu to Spread letters up to a fixed limit and set Maximum to 100%.
The white labels on the map expand to better fill the areas that they represent.
The labeling engine for ArcGIS Pro is more sophisticated than in ArcMap, and includes all the Maplex Label Engine functionality.
- Close the Label Class pane and the Symbology pane
- On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Save.
You've now imported a map to ArcGIS Pro and explored some basic functionality.
Update and edit a map
Your map shows that Mali has a rich linguistic diversity. While this map lists seven language groups, there are more than 80 languages spoken in the country. The most widely spoken language is Bambara, part of the Mande language group. The official language is French, introduced during French colonial rule.
You may recognize the place-name Timbuktu on the map, both for the region and the ancient city. In French, the correct spelling is Tombouctou. Next, you'll update the map to reflect this.
In ArcGIS Pro, it is not necessary to start an editing session before making changes to your data.
- In the Contents pane, right-click District Boundary and choose Attribute Table.
The attribute table appears beneath the map.
- In the NAME_1 column, double-click the Timbuktu cell.
- Type Tombouctou and press Enter.
The district label updates on the map.
- On the ribbon, click the Edit tab. In the Manage Edits group, click Save.
- In the Save Edits window, click Yes.
- Close the attribute table.
Next, you'll update the label for the city.
- In the Contents pane, click Mali_MajorCities.
- On the ribbon, under Feature Layer, click the Labeling tab.
In the Layer group, the Label button is turned off, but the major cities appear to be labeled.
This is because the labels are coming from an Annotation feature class instead, the layer named Mali_MajorCitiesAnno.
Annotation feature classes have a different data structure in ArcGIS Pro than in ArcMap. If you have annotation feature classes created in ArcMap, you can display and query them in ArcGIS Pro. However, to edit them or modify them, they must first be upgraded.
- On the ribbon, click the Analysis tab. In the Geoprocessing group, click Tools.
The Geoprocessing pane appears. This is where you will find all geoprocessing tools, including common tools such as Buffer and Project, as well as some functions that had their own commands in ArcMap, such as Calculate Field and Select Layer by Attribute.
- In the search bar, type upgrade dataset and press Enter.
- In the search results, click the Upgrade Dataset tool.
- For Dataset to upgrade, click the drop-down arrow and choose Mali_MajorCitiesAnno.
Once upgraded, annotation feature classes are no longer usable in ArcMap. You may want to make a copy of the feature class using the Copy Features tool before upgrading.
- Click Run.
When the tool has finished running, a message appears at the bottom of the pane indicating success or failure.
- Click View Details to review a geoprocessing report.
The option to view details is particularly helpful for diagnosing problems when a tool fails.
If the Upgrade Dataset tool failed with Error 000464: Cannot get exclusive schema lock, it may be because you have the MaliLanguageGroups.mxd file open in ArcMap. Try closing ArcMap and running the tool again.
- Close the Upgrade Dataset window and the Geoprocessing pane.
Now that the annotation feature class has been updated, you are able to edit it.
- On the ribbon, on the Edit tab, in the Tools group, click Annotation.
- In the Map, zoom to and select the TIMBUKTU annotation feature.
A selection boundary appears around the annotation feature.
- Double-click the text to highlight it.
- Type TOMBOUCTOU to update the spelling of the annotation feature.
- Hover over the edge of the text box until the pointer changes to a move symbol. Click and drag the annotation feature so it is better positioned next to the point.
- On the editing toolbar at the bottom of the map view, click Finish to complete the edit.
- On the ribbon, in the Selection group, click Clear.
- In the Manage Edits group, click Save, and in the Save Edits window, click Yes.
- On the ribbon, click the Map tab. In the Navigate group, click the Explore button.
Now when you click the map, you will not accidentally move or edit features.
- Save the project.
Learn more about Editing in ArcGIS Pro.
Add data from ArcGIS Online
One of the biggest advantages of migrating to ArcGIS Pro is closer integration with ArcGIS Online. Without leaving the application, you can browse and access maps and data from outside sources, including ArcGIS Living Atlas of the World.
The map of Mali contains a layer for water bodies that helps give context to the story of language diversity in the country by relating it to physical geography. However, this layer was created at a smaller scale than the final map, so it appears too detailed and distracting. Next, you'll replace this layer with a simpler one from ArcGIS Online.
- In the Contents pane, right-click District Boundary then choose Zoom to Layer.
- In the Contents pane, right-click Mali_WaterBodies and choose Remove.
- Open the Catalog pane.
If you can't find the Catalog pane, it may be hidden behind the Modify Features pane, which was opened during editing. You can either close Modify Features, or switch to the Catalog pane using the tabs at the bottom of the pane.
- In the Catalog pane, click the Portal tab and click All Portal.
- In the search bar, type World Major Rivers and press Enter.
- In the search results, point to the first item named World Major Rivers.
A pop-up appears, displaying metadata for the item. It is a layer package owned by esri_dm.
A layer package includes both the layer properties and the data. If you add a layer package to your map, it will be downloaded to your local machine and the map will reference the local data. In contrast, if you add a hosted feature layer to your map, it will reference an online service.
esri_dm is the Data and Maps for ArcGIS account on ArcGIS Online. This data used to be delivered on a CD titled Digital Chart of the World, alongside ArcMap.
- In the Catalog pane, right-click the World Major Rivers layer package and choose Add To Current Map.
The World Major Rivers layer appears on the map. You can see the Niger River passing through Mali, but it is drawn with oversized symbology that isn't appropriate for this scale.
Change layer symbology
Next, you'll pick a new symbol for the river layer.
- In the Contents pane, right-click World Major Rivers and choose Symbology.
The Symbology pane appears, and you can see that the Primary symbology method is set to Single Symbol.
- Next to Label, change the text to Niger River and press Enter.
The label next to the symbol patch in the Contents pane updates. This is the label that will appear on the map legend later.
- In the Symbology pane, click the turquoise symbol to access symbol properties.
- In the Symbology pane, click the Gallery tab.
The symbol gallery contains common symbols that can be employed as is or adapted.
- In the gallery, click the Limited Access button.
The map updates and the Niger River is now drawn with a cased blue line.
- Close the Symbology pane.
The World Major Rivers layer package also includes a label, which you don't need.
- In the Contents pane, right-click World Major Rivers and click Label to turn labeling off.
This has the same effect as disabling labels from the ribbon.
- Save the project.
Clip the map
The river is the only layer in the map that extends beyond the boundaries of Mali. Next, you'll clip the map using the country's border to create a cleaner appearance.
- In the Contents pane, right-click Mali Language Groups Map and choose Properties.
- In the Map Properties window, click the Clip Layers tab.
- From the drop-down menu, choose Clip to the outline of features.
- For Get shape from the outline of:, click District Boundary.
The outline of Mali appears in the Selected shape preview. No map content will be displayed outside of this clipping shape.
- Click Apply and click OK.
The map updates and the World Major Rivers are now clipped to the borders of Mali.
You've updated and edited your map.
Share a mapping project
Now that your map is in good shape, you want to share it with a colleague. Before you do so, you'll review the layout to see if there is anything you need to change.
Update a layout legend
In previous steps, you removed a layer from the map and added a new one. This means the legend on the layout will need to be updated.
- At the top of the map view, click the MaliLanguageGroups tab to view the layout.
In ArcMap, panning and zooming in the data view impacts the layout view. In ArcGIS Pro this is not true. In the previous steps, you moved the map frequently, but the scale and extent of the layout has remained stable.
- In the Contents pane, double-click New Data Frame Map Frame 1.
The locator map appears outlined on the layout and the Format Map Frame pane appears.
Although you previously changed the name of this map to Locator Map, the name of the map frame within the layout remains unchanged.
This is because in ArcGIS Pro, you have the option to have multiple map frames referencing a single map, and you may want to name them to reflect the view rather than the map's name.
- Under General, change the Name to Locator Map Frame and press Enter.
- In the Contents pane, double-click New Data Frame Map Frame.
- In the Format Map Frame pane, change the Name to Mali Language Groups Map Frame.
The names of both map frames appear updated In the Contents pane.
This layout has two legends, one for language groups and one for reference layers. An item named Major River was added to each of them when you added the World Major Rivers layer from ArcGIS Online.
- In the Contents pane, expand Legend.
- Right-click World Major Rivers and choose Remove.
The Major River item disappears from the top legend on the layout.
- Expand Legend 1 and double-click World Major Rivers.
The Format Legend Item pane appears. You can double-click any item in the Contents pane to access its properties.
- At the bottom of the pane, expand the Indents section.
- In the Indents table, change the Classes indent to 0 pt.
The blue legend item is now aligned properly with the others in the legend. Next, you'll change the font to match the other legend items.
- At the top of the pane, click Text Symbol.
- If necessary, click the Properties tab and the General tab.
- Expand Appearance and change Font name to Candara.
- Change Size to 14 pt and Color to Gray 70%.
- Click Apply.
The new legend item now matches the rest of the legend.
- Click anywhere outside of the layout to clear the selection.
- Save the project.
Learn more about working with Layouts in ArcGIS Pro.
Share a project package
You have now successfully migrated a map project into ArcGIS Pro, and done some work to improve it. Next, you want to share the project with a coworker in another office and you're concerned that it will arrive with broken data paths to some of the layers. The simplest way to prevent this is to send them a project package.
- Make the Mali Language Groups Map view active.
- On the ribbon, click the Share tab.
This ribbon tab includes commands for sharing maps, data, tools, and other items. For example, you can share web layers to ArcGIS Online, or export PDF files of static maps.
- In the Package group, click Project.
A project package (.ppkx) file consolidates all of the maps, data, folder connections, toolboxes, and geoprocessing history reports from a project into a single file. You can additionally include attachments for other file types.
- In the Package Project pane, choose Upload package to Online account.
You are going to share the project package as an item on ArcGIS Online or your portal. That way you can send your colleague an email with a link to where they can view the project's metadata and download the .ppkx file. If you prefer to save the package to your local machine, you would choose Save package to file.
- For Name, type Mali Language Groups Project and append it with your initials.
- For Summary, type Mali Language Groups mapping project.
- For Tags, type Mali, Mali districts, Mali Cities, Language groups.
- Check Share outside of organization.
This option will ensure that the data is included in the package and not referenced by the project.
- Uncheck Include Toolboxes and Include History Items.
These items are not necessary for this project, and you can make the file size smaller by excluding them.
- Under Share with, check Everyone.
This will ensure that no matter who you send the item link to, they will be able to access it. Sometimes you may prefer to only share within your organization.
- Under Finish Packaging, click Analyze.
Analyzing helps identify performance delays and errors that you need to address before you can share your project as a package. If there are yellow warnings, you may still proceed with sharing. If you receive a red error, you can point to it to receive tips on how to resolve the issue.
- Under Finish Packaging, click Package.
- In the Save Project window, click Yes.
When packaging has completed, a green success message appears at the bottom of the Package Project pane.
- Click Manage the package.
- A browser window appears, displaying the item details page of your project on ArcGIS Online.
You can now share the URL for this page with your colleague so they can download the project package or open it directly in ArcGIS Pro.
Consider updating the description and other metadata information on the item details page before sharing.
Learn more about Sharing with ArcGIS Pro.
Congratulations, you have successfully imported an ArcMap project into ArcGIS Pro. You converted data frames into maps, replaced a layer with data from ArcGIS Online, edited features, and modified symbology and labeling properties. You modified a legend on a layout and shared the map as a project package that can now be easily accessed by others.
You may still have questions about where to find the tools or how to accomplish the tasks that you are accustomed to in ArcMap. The following links provide more information for ArcMap users switching to ArcGIS Pro:
You can find more lessons in the Learn ArcGIS Lesson Gallery.