Create a new parcel

Create a record

A new parcel record is created from information in a legal document that describes the specific records number, the date the record was recorded, the total area, and geometry such as the latitude and longitude of vertex points and lengths of each side. You'll input this information to create a new parcel.

An ArcGIS Pro package has been created with a parcel fabric for Naperville, Illinois.

  1. Download and open Naperville.ppkx and sign in using an ArcGIS Online or ArcGIS Enterprise account.
    Note:

    If you don't have ArcGIS Pro, you can sign up for an ArcGIS free trial. If you are signing into an ArcGIS Enterprise account ensure that ArcGIS Pro is configured to use your organization's Portal.

    Naperville parcel fabric

    ArcGIS Pro opens to display the parcel fabric for Naperville. The parcel fabric layer consists of a records layer; point, line, and polygon layers; and a topology error feature layer.

    First, you will check the version of the parcel fabric.

  2. On the ribbon, on the View tab, in the Windows group, click Catalog Pane.

    Catalog pane button on the ribbon

    The Catalog pane appears.

  3. In the Catalog pane, navigate to Folders > Naperville > p20 > napervilletutorial.gdb. Double click ProFabric dataset

    Folders in the Catalog pane

  4. In the ProFabric dataset, right-click NapervilleProFabric, choose Properties.
  5. In the Parcel Fabrics Properties: NappervilleProFabric window, in the General tab, expand Parcel Fabric.

    The Parcel Fabric Version is 1 which is compatible with ArcGIS Pro 2.4 and above releases.

    Parcel Fabric Version

    Upgrading the Parcel fabric version to the latest version may be necessary to keep it current with the latest released functionality. You will upgrade the parcel fabric to the version compatible with your ArcGIS Pro version. If the version of your ArcGIS Pro is 2.4 you can skip to step 8.

  6. In the Catalog pane, right-click NapervilleProFabric, choose Manage and click on Upgrade Dataset.

    Upgrade Dataset

    The Upgrade Dataset pane appears.

  7. In the Upgrade Dataset pane, click Run.

    The parcel fabric is updated to the version which is compatible with your ArcGIS Pro version. You can navigate back to the Properties window of the parcel fabric to check the version it is updated too.

    Next, you will create a record.

  8. On the ribbon, on the Records tab, in the Records group, click Create Record.

    Create Record button

    The Create Record pane appears. You'll enter the parcel information from the legal document to create a new unique record.

    The legal document contains the following information:

    Records numberR3829-3991

    Date Recorded

    07/08/2019

    Parcel

    0807100014

    Area

    56215.23 sqft.

    Description

    From the true point of beginning at the southeast corner of parcel 0807100007; N83°41'24"W along E Bauer Rd at a distance of 300.30 ft., thence north perpendicular at a distance of 137.10 ft., thence a curve to the right having a radius of 52 f.t and a central angle of 90°, thence S83°41'24"E at a distance of 248.37 ft., thence S6°18'36"W at a distance of 189.12 ft. to the true point of beginning.

  9. In the Create Record pane, input the following information:

    • For Name, type R3829-3991.
    • For Record Type, choose Split.
    • For Recorded Date, type 7/8/2019 (July 8, 2019).
    • For COGO Accuracy, choose 1 – Highest.

    Attributes for a new record

  10. Click Create.

    When a new parcel is created, the Record Heads Up Display (Record HUD) displays in the upper left of the Map pane. It shows the current active record, R3829-3991. All new features created will be associated to this record and tracked through the parcel fabric lineage.

    Heads Up Display

    Next, you'll locate the parcel to split on the map.

  11. On the Map tab, in the Inquiry group, click Locate.

    Locate tool

  12. In the Locate pane, search for 0807100007 and then double-click the search result to zoom to it. Right-click 0807100007 and choose Add To Selection.

    Selected parcel 0807100007

  13. Close the Locate pane.
  14. On the Map tab, in the Navigate group, click Explore.
  15. Using the Explore tool, pan and zoom to focus on the lower right half of the parcel.

    Zoomed to lower-right corner of parcel

Create a new parcel traverse

You'll use the Traverse tool create the new parcel by inputting geometry information from the legal document.

  1. On the Edit tab, in the Snapping group, click Snapping. Ensure Snapping and the first four snapping agents are toggled on.

    Snapping toggle buttons

  2. In the Snapping window, click Snapping Settings.
  3. Verify that the XY tolerance is 10 Pixels and click OK.

    Snapping Settings

  4. On the ribbon, on the Records tab, in the Tools group, click Traverse.

    Traverse tool

    The Traverse tool opens in the Modify Features pane. Your pointer changes to crosshairs with a red center that indicates the tool is active. You'll set the starting location and then use shortcuts and snapping to finish drawing the parcel.

    Note:

    On the ribbon, on the Records tab, you can expand the Tools group to explore all available parcel fabric editing tools.

    Legal document description:

    1. From the true point of beginning at the southeast corner of parcel 0807100007;
    2. N83°41'24"W along E Bauer Rd at a distance of 300.30 ft.;
    3. Thence north perpendicular at a distance of 137.10 ft.;
    4. Thence a curve to the right having a radius of 52 ft. and a central angle of 90°;
    5. Thence S83°41'24"E at a distance of 248.37 ft.;
    6. Thence S6°18'36"W at a distance of 189.12 ft. to the true point of beginning.
  5. In the Modify Features pane, for Layer, choose Parcel Lines, and click Set Start Location.

    Modify features pane

    Note:

    If Set Start is selected, it will be blue.

    You'll start with the first line from the description: "From the true point of beginning at the southeast corner of parcel 0807100007".

  6. In the southeast corner of the selected parcel, point to snap to the vertex and left-click to begin the traverse.

    Snapping to the starting point

    A red vertex is placed on the point to mark it as the starting location, and in the Modify Features pane, under Traverse, the attribute table appears. If you have dynamic constraints enabled, you'll see dimensions displayed near the dotted line. Read more about dynamic constraints in Constrain the directions and distances of digitized lines to specific values in the help.

    You'll add information for the first line: "N83°41'24"W along E Bauer Rd at a distance of 300.30 ft."

  7. In the Traverse table, under the Direction field, type 83-41-24-4 and press Enter.

    The value automatically changes to a degrees-minutes-seconds format because the last value, 4, is a shortcut for quadrant-bearing dimensions and represents the specific direction of northwest. To learn more about data entry shortcuts and other quadrant shortcuts, read the Enter a traverse help topic.

  8. For Distance, type 300.3 and press Enter.
    Note:

    Ensure your units are set to feet (ft.).

    First traverse line in attribute table

    To add the next instruction, "Thence north perpendicular at a distance of 137.10 ft.", you'll use another shortcut to ensure the line is perpendicular to the north of the first line. The plus sign shortcut copies the direction from the current location along Bauer road.

  9. In the second row, for Direction, type + and press Enter.

    Second traverse line in attribute table

    The plus sign changes to N6°18'36"E. The plus sign indicates that the new line will be 90 degrees to the right of the previous line. A minus sign would indicate 90 degrees to the left. You could also specify the rotation by adding a numerical value.

  10. For Distance, type 137.1 and press Enter.

    Second traverse line in attribute table

    On the map, the traverse line heads to the north.

    Second traverse line in map

    The next line, "Thence a curve to the right having a radius of 52 ft. and a central angle of 90°", requires you to curve the line. No bearing is mentioned, so you'll assume it is tangent to the previous line and accept the default value. The traverse grid assumes the starting bearing for each new segment is the exit bearing of the previous line.

  11. For Direction, press Enter.

    The value changes to N6°18'36"E. Since the line is curved, you'll enter two curve parameters.

  12. Enter the following parameters:
    • For Distance, type 0 and press Enter.
    • For Radius, type 52 and press Enter.

    Next, you'll input the arc length. The description explicitly states the central angle, but not arc length. You'll use shortcuts to override the Arc Length field to represent the central angle or delta of the curve.

  13. For Arc Length, type 90d.

    Third traverse line in attribute table

    The map updates to show the newly curved traverse, labeled with a radius of 52 feet and automatically calculated arc length of 81.68 feet.

    Radius added to traverse.

    You'll input the next traverse: "Thence S83°41'24"E at a distance of 248.37 ft." The Direction field defaults to the exit bearing of the previous line.

  14. For Direction, press Enter.

    The value defaults to S83°41'24"E.

  15. For Distance, type 248.37 and press Enter.

    Fourth traverse line in attribute table

    You'll now input the final traverse: "Thence S6°18'36"W at a distance of 189.12 ft. to the true point of beginning."

  16. Enter the following parameters:
    • For Direction, type 6-18-36-3 and press Enter.
    • For Distance, type 189.12 and press Enter.

    Fifth traverse line in attribute table

    All parcel traverses have been created.

    Completed traverse table and geometry lines

  17. On the Records tab, in the Manage Edits group, click Save. Close the Modify Features pane.
  18. Press Ctrl+S to save your project.

Build and attribute the new parcel

After the boundary lines of the parcel are created, the feature needs to be built and attributed. Parcels are built from seeds, or the initial state of a parcel. After a seed is created, the build process detects the boundary lines enclosing the seed and creates a new parcel from them. Learn more about building parcels from seeds in the Build parcels from lines help topic.

  1. On the ribbon, in the Map tab, in the Navigate group, click Explore.
  2. On the ribbon, on the Records tab, and in the Construct group, click Create Seeds.

    Create Seeds button

    A seed is created in the center within the new parcel boundary.

  3. On the Records tab, in the Construct group, click Build Active.

    Build Active option

    A new parcel feature has been created from the seed and is automatically selected.

    Parcel created from seed.

  4. On the Records tab, and in the Selection group, click Attributes.
  5. In the Attribute pane, update the following information:

    • For Name, copy and paste 0807100014.
    • For Stated Area, copy and paste 56215.23.
    • For Stated Area Unit, choose Square Foot.
    • Ensure Auto Apply is checked.

    Built parcel

    The new parcel is now built and attributed. The attributes appear as labels within the parcel area.

  6. Close the Attribute pane.
  7. Save your edits and the project.

Align the parcel

New parcels often do not fit perfectly within the boundaries of surrounding parcels and require alignment within the parcel fabric. The surrounding parcels can be aligned to the new parcel if its measurements are highly accurate, or the new parcel can be aligned to fit the surrounding parcels. In this case, you'll align your new parcel to fit the surrounding boundaries.

  1. Ensure the parcel is selected, and on the Records tab, in the Alignment group, click Align Parcels.

    Align Parcels button

    The Modify Features pane opens to the Align Parcels tool. You'll use this tool to align your parcel within the parcel fabric.

  2. Zoom in close to the upper right section of the selected parcel. Below the Map, along the bottom of the window, set the scale to 1:5.

    Northwest corner

  3. In the Modify Features pane, click Add new links.

    Add new links

  4. Click the corner of the new parcel, connect the line to the existing parcel boundary, and click to add a link.

    New parcel upper right corner link

    Note:

    To pan the map, click Explore on the Map tab. Alternatively, you can press the C key while editing to interactively switch to the tool to pan. Holding the X and Z keys change the pointer to zoom out and in, respectively.

  5. Pan and zoom to the bottom left of the parcel, set the scale to 1:1 and create another link.

    New parcel lower left corner link

    Next you'll anchor the starting point to prevent it from moving during alignment.

  6. Zoom to the lower right corner of the new parcel.
  7. In the Modify Features pane, click Add anchor points.

    Add anchor points

  8. Click the lower right vertex to set the anchor. Then zoom to the full extent of the parcel.

    Set the anchor point.

  9. In the Modify Features pane, click Align.

    A message appears, indicating that the alignment is complete.

    Parcel alignment confirmation message

  10. Close the Modify Features pane and review the parcel alignment.

    The parcel has now been successfully aligned to the surrounding parcel features. None of the parcel line dimensions have changed, because alignment only affects the geometry and dimension attributes can only be explicitly altered in the attribute fields.

Create a remainder parcel and validate

Within the parcel fabric, the new parcel is still overlapping the original parcel. To separate the two, you'll clip the new parcel from the original to create a remainder parcel.

  1. On the Records tab, in the Tools group, click Clip.

    The Modify Features pane opens to the Clip tool.

    To clip the parcel, you'll first select the original parcel, and then select overlapping new parcel.

  2. On the Records tab, in the Selection group, click Select. Then click inside the new parcel.

    The option to select overlapping features appears. You can choose which feature to select by clicking the down arrow to view the options.

    Select overlapping features

  3. Click Select one feature out of overlapping features and choose 0807100014.

    Select overlapping parcel

    Parcel 0807100014 is selected and is symbolized differently than the others to indicate this.

    Parcel 0807100014

  4. In the Modify Features pane, set the following parameters:

    • Ensure Discard (Remainder) is chosen.
    • Set Buffer Distance to 0.
    • Check Clip all editable features.

    Clipping configurations

  5. Click Clip. Clear the selection.

    The new parcel is now clipped into the underlying parcel fabric to create the remainder parcel.

    Parcel added to fabric

  6. Close the Modify Features pane. Save your edits and project.

    The original parcel has been retired as historic and now needs to be reattributed and validated.

  7. In the Contents pane, expand the Parcels layer and turn on Historic.

    Historic parcel record

    Historic parcels are displayed with a red crosshatch and with labels crossed out in red. The historic parcel's two lines, along the southern and southeastern edges, are also red because they were retired when the new parcel was created. You'll update the historic parcel's attributes.

  8. Turn off the Historic layer.
  9. On the Records tab, in the Selection group, click Attributes.
  10. Use the Select tool to select the remainder parcel that you created.

    Selected remainder parcel

  11. In the Attribute pane, for Name, type or copy and paste 0807100013 and ensure Auto Apply is checked.

    Remainder parcel attributes

    The Stated Area and Stated Area Units fields are already populated because the original and new parcels contain those values. When the clip was performed, the Stated Area value of the remainder parcel was automatically calculated by subtracting the stated area of the new parcel from the stated area of the original.

  12. Close the Attribute pane and clear the selection.
  13. In the Contents pane, turn on the NapervilleProFabric layer.

    New parcel

    The original polygon is outlined in blue. These lines represent the parcel record, which is the legal transaction areas or record footprints. All features in this workflow, including points, lines, and polygons, were associated to the record that you created in the first section.

    To complete the update, you'll validate the parcel fabric topology to check if any edits violate the geodatabase topology or parcel rules. To learn more about validation, read the Validate the parcel fabric and fix errors help topic.

  14. On the Records tab, in the Tools group, click the down arrow to expand the tools, and in the Validate section, click Validate Extent.

    Validate Extent

  15. In the Tools group, click Error Inspector.

    Error Inspector

    The Error Inspector pane appears.

    Error Inspector pane

    The Error Inspector pane should not display any messages. If any errors were detected, they would be symbolized as red features overlapping geometries on the map, and listed in the pane.

  16. Close the Error Inspector pane. Save your edits and save the project.

In this lesson, you created a new parcel by creating traverses, updating attributes, and aligning it within the existing fabric. You also updated the original parcel by clipping in the new parcel and retiring the old as historic. Finally, you validated these changes in the parcel fabric topology by checking for errors.

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